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By Andy Blunden

Andy Blunden provides an immanent critique of Cultural-Historical job conception, the present of psychology originating from Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). Tracing the roots of this thought from Goethe, Hegel and Marx, the writer attracts out the rules with which Vygotsky built a conception of the brain within which the person and their social state of affairs shape a unmarried Gestalt, transcending the issues of mind-body  Read more...

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Extra resources for An interdisciplinary theory of activity

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Hegel did not eradicate the contradiction between Concept and Intuition, but traced the process of mutual subsumption which does not only gain knowledge from the outside world, but also creates objective thought forms in the world. We perceive, describe, act upon and understand the world using our words, artifacts, institutions and so on, subsuming intuition under concept, whilst in practical activity, communication and experience generally we sensuously interact with thought-objects, subsuming concept under intuition.

This skepticism shocked Kant. If this were true, then there could be no science. In an effort to rescue the possibility of science, Kant set about constructing his critical philosophy, a kind of ‘third way’ between dogmatism and skepticism, whose aim was to determine the limits of knowledge and draw a line between what was knowable and what was not knowable. 42 chapter five An important step in Kant’s solution was his conception of the transcendental subject: By this ‘I’, or ‘He’, or ‘It’, who or which thinks, nothing more is represented than a transcendental subject of thought = x, which is cognized only by means of the thoughts that are its predicates.

When Napoleon occupied Jena in 1807, the only German he wanted to meet was Goethe (Pinkard 2000). 1 More than that, Goethe’s views on science and nature are only now beginning to come into their own after two centuries of eclipse, a fate to which Goethe himself was fully resigned. Goethe was not just a poet who dabbled in science. The study of Nature was for him a practice, ‘practice’ in the sense with which a Buddhist might utter that word, to be pursued diligently throughout his life. Goethe died about the time Lyell published his “Principles of Geology” and a quarter of century before Darwin published “Origin of Species” and Mendeleyev the periodic table of elements.

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