Download Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, by Richard M. Freeland PDF

By Richard M. Freeland

This publication examines the evolution of yank universities in the course of the years following global struggle II. Emphasizing the significance of switch on the campus point, the e-book combines a basic attention of nationwide developments with a detailed research of 8 varied universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston collage, Boston university, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. vast analytic chapters learn significant advancements like enlargement, the increase of graduate schooling and examine, the professionalization of the college, and the decline of basic schooling. those chapters additionally overview criticisms of academia that arose within the past due Sixties and the destiny of varied reform proposals through the Nineteen Seventies. extra chapters specialise in the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other kinds of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city deepest universities and public universities--in responding to the situations of the postwar years.

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Moreover, partially to finance his innovations, Eliot began a program of expansion, and the College became sprawling and disorganized. The president's detractors were strengthened by a decline in applications at the beginning of the twentieth century that threatened Harvard's status as well as its solvency. The accumulating criticisms apparently affected the governing boards. In selecting a successor, they turned to one of Eliot's most persistent adversaries, a lawyer turned political scientist, A.

S problems of identity and finance through two parallel efforts. First, he repositioned the institution as a "municipal university" offering an array of undergraduate degrees to local students. Schools were opened in Business, Education, Secretarial Science, Religious Education, and Fine Arts. 's difficulties. They expressed also the reformist impulses of the Progressive era, a sentiment felt with particular strength by the Methodists, who undertook a general reorienting of their universities toward urban residents.

This problem was especially severe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In a period of weak and changing leadership, champions of the technical side achieved a dominant position and impeded the advancement of basic research. The appointment of Richard Maclaurin as president in 1909, however, gave power to a leader who understood the potential of Rogers's initial conception. T. " This new type of institution would add two elements to Rogers's design: first, research and graduate work in fundamental disciplines like physics and chemistry; second, an intensified learning environment at the undergraduate level based on residential facilities and a strenthened program of liberal education.

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