By Yi Wang
This publication presents a accomplished assessment of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, studying crucial social and monetary adjustments within the housing area. targeting the city alterations that happened less than the marketplace economic system after 1978 and past, the ebook addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s outdated urban, the relocation of low-income households from the previous urban, the government’s position relating to housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the college of Cambridge, it really is illustrated with a wealth of historical pictures and maps of Beijing. proposing proper descriptions, large literature and case reports, the ebook bargains a beneficial source for college students and students of structure, city experiences and chinese language reviews. First released in 2013 via speed in Hong Kong, it has because been extra to the libraries of many unusual universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong college, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.
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Additional resources for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century
Further more, he proposed, “It will be good to begin with transforming one avenue or one square, such as Tiananmen Square in the historic centre of the city, which has become all the more important because of the military parade and the mass demonstration took place there not long 32 2 A Review of Beijing’s Urban Development in the Twentieth Century Fig. 16 “Liang-Chen Proposal”: the new administration district in relation to Beijing’s Old City. Source EBHUCB (1986: 26) ago for the inauguration of the People’s Republic of China.
From the latter part of the Great Cultural Revolution (1966–1976) onwards, in order to relieve the pressure due to the shortage of housing, Beijing’s municipal government carried out a policy which allowed residents to use the yards in their courtyard houses for extensions. Furthermore, government even tried to make the most of the open space within the old city proper to build a kind of temporary housing (Fig. 21). Such “dime houses” were generally only three or four-storeys high, and were equipped with communal kitchens and toilets, but no heating.
One remarkable point about this plan is that it was the ﬁrst in history to propose the redevelopment of Beijing’s Old City. It highlighted the need to protect historic sites while modernizing the city, and also submitted a zoning plan for limiting the height of buildings near historic sites. Although this new master plan of Beijing was not put into effect because of the Civil War, it provided many reference points for research on the urban development of Beijing in the coming years. Fig. 15 The Master Plan of Beiping in 1947.